The Kaldi Wide is a quality home drum roaster produced by the tiny Korean company, Kaldi. I have owned this model for 6 years (I got it in 2017), and it has been able to do many back-to-back batches in that period.
You could say that, you get a professional machine in a more compact form. There’s a thermometer and a trier, so you can monitor the bean temperature and check the color as you go along.
The capacity is quite good for a home roaster (you can get away with up to 330 grams), and the machine is put together exceptionally well. I dropped mine on the floor on one occasion, and it survived with just minor scratches.
The Kaldi Wide has started to become a cult favorite among home roasters since it offers the best combination of value, sturdiness, and hands-on roasting experience.
Keep in mind that you need a separate gas burner for this roaster – the heat source is not included.
The Aillio Bullet R1 is an expensive but highly advanced home coffee roaster that justifies its price tag with a plethora of features and capabilities.
The Bullet R1 can connect to your computer via a USB cable, giving you access to specialized software that allows you to control and log every aspect of the roasting process. This level of control and precision is unparalleled in the home roasting market.
With a capacity to roast up to 1 kg at a time, the Aillio Bullet R1 is perfect for those who want to roast large batches of coffee beans. It’s a self-contained unit, complete with a cooling tray and chaff collector, making it a convenient all-in-one solution for home roasters.
I have been roasting on this model since 2022, and it has truly taken my coffee roasting to a new level; check out my review here.
The Aillio Bullet R1 is an excellent investment for those serious about home coffee roasting and looking for a device that offers advanced control, large capacity, and consistent results.
The Fresh Roast is a brilliant first roaster for someone who wants to try roasting some beans without getting too committed. It’s budget-friendly and beginner-friendly since you can see the beans in the glass container while they are changing color.
In a way, it’s almost like a popcorn-roaster (which many people start their roasting journey on) just way better, since you have much more control over the heat.
The roaster also has a chaff collector which is fantastic if you’re roasting indoors at home (trust me on this one). There’s also a cooling cycle built in.
The main problem with this roaster is that the capacity is low at around 120 grams, even for just a single coffee addict which is a bit on the small side.
This is an incredibly simple small batch coffee roaster for somebody who wants to try roasting at home without any real illusions of producing something outstanding. It’s easy to pour the beans in and out. Aside from that, the main point of this thing is that it’s cheap.
Some skilled people with powerful hands might be able to get an even roast of out of this, but the chances are that your beans are going to get burnt. If you have an oven, I will use that over this apparatus.
The Behmor is one of the grand old men of home coffee roasting. There are some GREAT things to say about it but also some more negative ones.
It has an enormous capacity for a home roasting device with up to 1 pound per batch, which is the most appealing thing about it. With this model, you’ll be self-reliant when it comes to freshly roasted beans!
However, many customers complain about the design — notably, the safety feature where the roaster shuts off in the middle of the action. In the event that you don’t cautiously watch out for this, your entire set may be messed up.
Also, some reviewers complain that it’s hard to get consistent results.
The last con for some people will be that this device isn’t suitable for darker roasts.
Roasting, in its purest form, is all about transferring heat to the green coffee bean. Within minutes, the green coffee turns from dense and undrinkable into the brown beans you’re familiar with.
However, considering coffee roasting only in this manner is too simplistic. Coffee roasting is a craft, and achieving a good result is all about applying just the right amount of heat. That is why many home coffee roasters quickly graduate from typical beginner methods, such as oven and popcorn roasters, to dedicated tools that offer a certain level of precision.
How Much Does a Coffee Roaster Cost?
Coffee roasters can be found at various price points. You can purchase ultra-cheap models that are essentially glorified nut or popcorn roasters, or opt for fancy devices with built-in motors and roasting profiles. Prices can range from $30 to thousands of dollars for models like the Aillio Bullet, which is often hailed as the ultimate home coffee roaster machine.
The price level will largely be determined by the type of coffee roaster you choose. There are three common types of home coffee bean roasters available:
Hot Air: These devices are significantly upgraded popcorn machines that roast the beans by applying hot air. The hot air is sent out of vents that simultaneously spin the coffee beans around. This constant spinning ensures that the coffee beans roast evenly.
Hot air roasters tend to roast the beans rather quickly, which means that a lot of delicate aromas are developed, while body and caramelization tend to be lower than in drum roasters. This type of home roasting machine typically has a lower capacity than drum roasters.
Drum Coffee Roaster: This type of coffee roasting machine works by spinning the beans around inside a heated metal drum. It is the most popular professional roaster since one can roast large quantities while still achieving even and tasty results. For a home coffee roaster who dreams of becoming a professional, this kind of device is ideal because it prepares you for the real job. Home drum roasters come in various sizes, from 200 grams to several kilos.
Conduction Home Roasters: This category covers the many inexpensive but not very useful coffee roasters that somehow roast beans by applying direct heat and either manual or mechanical agitation. You can probably achieve a decent result this way, but to be honest, it’s never going to be much better than just using your oven, since you’ll not be able to modulate and stretch the different phases of the roast.
Is Roasting Your Own Coffee Worth It?
Coffee roasting is not only a fun hobby; it also makes financial sense. Typically, two pounds of high-quality green coffee will cost you about the same as 9 oz of roasted beans from your local specialty coffee dealer. In other words, you save a lot of money by roasting at home.
Of course, you also have to factor in the time spent roasting, but generally speaking, you can roast coffee at home and save money.
One of the most important factors to consider when shopping for a small coffee roaster is the capacity.
If you consume a significant amount of coffee on a daily basis, you don’t want a machine with a low capacity.
I used to roast coffee in a popcorn machine, but with a capacity of around 100 grams/4 oz, it quickly became cumbersome.
100 grams of coffee will turn into 85 grams of roasted coffee, which you’ll probably be able to drink in a day or two.
How Long Does It Take to Roast Coffee Beans?
Coffee roasting typically takes between 8 – 12 minutes. If you go faster, you risk either scorching the bean or underdeveloping it; both are roast defects that will give you unpleasant flavors. If you roast the coffee too slowly, you’ll end up baking it. This will make the coffee taste dull and less vibrant than it should be.
The devil really is in the details when it comes to coffee roasting. One or two extra minutes can make a significant difference. This is because the beans have what is called an ‘exothermic’ reaction when the first crack occurs. At this point, the beans will develop rapidly. A skilled roastmaster is able to navigate during these crucial minutes.
Even though a roasting session might only take 10 minutes from load to drop, all the small details in your workflow will add extra time:
Measuring batch size
Cooling down beans
Updating your roast log
Cleaning up chaff
Although effective roast time is short, preparation and cleaning add time to the process.
For those reasons, I wouldn’t recommend a roaster with less than a 300-gram capacity. While it’s fun to roast, you also want to see (and drink) the fruit of your labor.
Choose a Coffee Roaster Machine with a Thermocouple
The more control you have over temperature and airflow, the more you’ll be able to tweak your roast profiles. For those reasons, I’d highly recommend getting a device that has a digital thermometer and a dedicated temperature control.
If you don’t have any of these tools at your disposal, your roasts will likely be less consistent. Even though it is possible to roast purely from sensorial cues, it’s not recommended. To learn and adapt your roasting style, you need a bit of data.
Yes, it’s often cheaper to roast your own. Green coffee beans typically only cost a fraction of the roasted beans you can buy from an artisan shop. However, coffee roasting is a hobby that can lead you to more expensive purchases, so potentially you could end up spending a lot more time and money on your new hobby!
How do home coffee roasters work?
Home coffee roasters typically rely on either hot air that will agitate the beans while heating them, or a drum. But you can even use a wok or an oven, if you don’t have the fancy equipment yet.
Can I roast my own coffee beans?
Yes, it’s easy to roast coffee at home. But if you want to make good coffee consistently, it will take practice and effort. Think of coffee roasting similar to cooking; it’s easy to cook something, but hard to make cook it to perfection.
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